Let's try to give a clear definition of what is the sharing economy and how it affects online transactions.
Once owning things was the indication of the status and those who had more money could own more things. Being a “two-car family” (or even three or four cars) was once a mark of status. But today with the development of the Sharing Economy, many millennials see more status in being a one-car or even zero-car family and making use of services like Uber, Lyft, CarGo, and others to use cars only when they need one.
What is Sharing Economy?
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, sharing economy is defined as an economic system in which assets or services are shared between private individuals, either free or for a fee, typically by means of the Internet. In fact, sharing economy is an umbrella term with a range of meanings, often used to describe economic activity involving online transactions that are done via any online marketplace. Sharing economy is an emerging, highly flexible economic network that allows people to share resources such as equipment, services, and skills with one another, often at significantly lower cost than traditional retail or employment arrangements. You can now get a loan directly from your peers, share the same office space with a lot of different companies, and stay at a stranger’s house instead of a hotel when you’re traveling out of the town.
Sharing economy is also known by some different names as the “collaborative economy,” “collaborative consumption,” “collaborative platform”, “collaborative marketplace”, “local economy”, the “peer-to-peer economy”, etc where anyone can participate and is allowed to get by without owning valuable items, such as cars, houses, tools, money, etc while creating opportunities for others to extract value from idle possessions or talents. But it wouldn’t be possible without technology, as virtually all forms of collaborative consumption use the Internet to connect providers with customers, whether they are doing a car sharing through Turo or a house sharing through Airbnb, or looking for a place to board their dogs through DogVacay. The sharing economy relies on the will and intention of the users to share, but in order to make an exchange, users have to be trustworthy and trust each other. Not surprisingly, the Internet has made the option of marketing in the collaborative marketplace easier.
An example of sharing economy
A very familiar example of sharing economy is, suppose, you need to drill a hole in the wall to hang an item but you do not own a power drill. It is true that the average power drill is used for a total of 13 to 15 minutes throughout its lifetime (making it an underutilized physical asset). So, for its few minutes use only, you may regard it as expensive to buy a power drill and consider to “rent” it from an individual or business who owns one. In this way you can save some money. So, “Sharing” the asset offers economic benefits for both parties – the owner is compensated for lending an item he does not always use, and on the other hand, the renter is only paying for actual usage of the item.
Actually, exchanging goods and services is not a new approach, but the digital advancement of the recent years has presented an elegant solution to make the sharing economy massive and international - online marketplaces - and the hype began. The sharing economy, also known as the collaborative economy, is taking off in all sorts of niches such as car sharing, house sharing, peer-to-peer lending, reselling, coworking, talent-sharing, etc.
Sharing economy companies and examples
Source : Future Lab
Here are 5 examples of international marketplaces based on this concept whose companies are successfully operating within the sharing economy. Most of them lead the way as sharing economy expands.
With the development of technology, sharing economy has made the life of the world people easier. A very interesting fact about the sharing economy is that the company is rarely the actual service providers; rather they act as facilitators, making the providers’ and users’ dealing possible, easy, and safe. There are just sharing marketplaces that help them break down the barriers that otherwise exist to starting a business or a “side hustle” for many people and make it both easy and lucrative to participate in this collaborative economy.